The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known
as the Games of the XXII Olympiad (Russian: И́гры XXII Олимпиа́ды, tr.
Igry XXII Olimpiady), was an international multi-sport event held in Moscow, Soviet Union,
in present-day Russia.The 1980 Games were the first Olympic Games to be staged in Eastern
Europe, and remain the only Summer Olympics held there, as well as the first Olympic Games
to be held in a Slavic language-speaking country. They were also the first Olympic Games to
be held in a communist country until 2008 in China and the second in a developing country
after the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico. These were the final Olympic Games under the
IOC Presidency of Michael Morris, 3rd Baron Killanin.
Eighty nations were represented at the Moscow Games – the smallest number since 1956.
Led by the United States, 66 countries boycotted the games entirely because of the Soviet–Afghan
War. Some athletes from some of the boycotting countries (they are not included in the list
of 66 countries that boycotted the games entirely) participated in the games under the Olympic
Flag. The Soviet Union would later boycott the 1984 Summer Olympics.==Host city selection==The only two cities to bid for the 1980 Summer
Olympics were Moscow and Los Angeles. The choice between them was made on 23 October
1974 in the 75th IOC Session in Vienna, Austria. Los Angeles would eventually host the 1984
Summer Olympics.==Participation overview and boycott==Eighty nations were represented at the Moscow
Games – the smallest number since 1956. Of the eighty participating nations, eight
nations made their first appearance at this Games – Angola, Botswana, Cyprus, Laos,
Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Seychelles. None of these nations won a medal.
Although approximately half of the 24 countries that boycotted the 1976 Summer Olympics (in
protest against the IOC not expelling New Zealand who sanctioned a rugby tour of apartheid
South Africa) participated in the Moscow Games, the 1980 Summer Olympics were disrupted by
another, even larger, boycott led by the United States in protest at the 1979 Soviet–Afghan
War. The Soviet invasion spurred Jimmy Carter to issue an ultimatum on 20 January 1980,
that the US would boycott the Moscow Olympics if Soviet troops did not withdraw from Afghanistan
within one month. 65 countries and regions invited did not take part in the 1980 Olympics.
Many of these followed the United States’ boycott initiative, while others cited economic
reasons for not coming. Iran, under Ayatollah Khomeini hostile to both superpowers, boycotted
when the Islamic Conference condemned the invasion.Many of the boycotting nations participated
instead in the Liberty Bell Classic, also known as the “Olympic Boycott Games”, in Philadelphia.
However, the nations that did compete had won 71 percent of all medals, and similarly
71 percent of the gold medals, at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. This was in part
because of state-run doping programs that had been developed in the Eastern Bloc countries.
As a form of protest against the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan, fifteen countries marched
in the Opening Ceremony with the Olympic Flag instead of their national flags, and the Olympic
Flag and Olympic Hymn were used at medal ceremonies when athletes from these countries won medals.
Competitors from three countries – New Zealand, Portugal, and Spain – competed under the
flags of their respective National Olympic Committees. Some of these teams that marched
under flags other than their national flags were depleted by boycotts by individual athletes,
while some athletes did not participate in the march.The impact of the boycott was mixed.
Some events, such as swimming, track and field, boxing, basketball, diving, field hockey and
equestrian sports, were hard hit. Whilst competitors from 36 countries became Olympic medalists,
the great majority of the medals were taken by the host country and East Germany in what
was the most skewed medal tally since 1904.==Events, records and drug tests overview
==There were 203 events – more than at any
previous Olympics. 36 World records, 39 European records and
74 Olympic records were set at the games. In total, this was more records than were
set at Montreal. New Olympic records were set 241 times over the course of the competitions
and world records were beaten 97 times. A 1989 report by a committee of the Australian
Senate claimed that “there is hardly a medal winner at the Moscow Games, certainly not
a gold medal winner…who is not on one sort of drug or another: usually several kinds.
The Moscow Games might well have been called the Chemists’ Games”.A member of the IOC Medical
Commission, Manfred Donike, privately ran additional tests with a new technique for
identifying abnormal levels of testosterone by measuring its ratio to epitestosterone
in urine. Twenty percent of the specimens he tested, including those from sixteen gold
medalists would have resulted in disciplinary proceedings had the tests been official. The
results of Donike’s unofficial tests later convinced the IOC to add his new technique
to their testing protocols. The first documented case of “blood doping” occurred at the 1980
Summer Olympics as a runner was transfused with two pints of blood before winning medals
in the 5000 m and 10,000 m.==Media and broadcasting==
Major broadcasters of the Games were USSR State TV and Radio (1,370 accreditation cards),
Eurovision (31 countries, 818 cards) and Intervision (11 countries, 342 cards). TV Asahi with 68
cards provided coverage for Japan, while OTI representing Latin America received 59 cards
and the Seven Network provided coverage for Australia (48 cards). NBC, which had intended
to be another major broadcaster, canceled its coverage in response to the U.S. boycott
of the 1980 Summer Olympics, and became a minor broadcaster with 56 accreditation cards,
although the network did air highlights and recaps of the games on a regular basis. (ABC
aired scenes of the opening ceremony during its Nightline program, and promised highlights
each night, but the next night, the show announced that they could not air any highlights as
NBC still had exclusive broadcast rights in the USA). The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
almost canceled their plans for coverage after Canada took part in the boycott and was represented
by nine cards. The television center used 20 television channels, compared to 16 for
the Montreal Games, 12 for the Munich Games, and seven for the Mexico City Games.
During the opening ceremony, Salyut 6 crew Leonid Popov and Valery Ryumin sent their
greetings to the Olympians and wished them happy starts in the live communication between
the station and the Central Lenin Stadium. They appeared on the stadium’s scoreboard
and their voices were translated via loud speakers.==Spectators and commemoration==
The Games attracted five million spectators, an increase of 1.5 million from the Montreal
Games. There were 1,245 referees from 78 countries. A series of commemorative coins was released
in the USSR in 1977–1980 to commemorate the event. It consisted of five platinum coins,
six gold coins, 28 silver coins and six copper-nickel coins.==Budget==
According to the Official Report, submitted to the IOC by the NOC of the USSR, total expenditures
for the preparations for and staging of the Games were US$1,350,000,000, total revenues
The Oxford Olympics Study established the outturn cost of the Moscow 1980 Summer Olympics
at US$6.3 billion in 2015 dollars. This includes sports-related costs only, that is, (i) operational
costs incurred by the organizing committee for the purpose of staging the Games, e.g.,
expenditures for technology, transportation, workforce, administration, security, catering,
ceremonies, and medical services, and (ii) direct capital costs incurred by the host
city and country or private investors to build, e.g., the competition venues, the Olympic
village, international broadcast center, and media and press center, which are required
to host the Games. Indirect capital costs are not included, such as for road, rail,
or airport infrastructure, or for hotel upgrades or other business investment incurred in preparation
for the Games but not directly related to staging the Games. The cost for Moscow 1980
compares with costs of US$4.6 billion for Rio 2016, US$40–44 billion for Beijing 2008
and US$51 billion for Sochi 2014, the most expensive Olympics in history. Average cost
for the Summer Games since 1960 is US$5.2 billion.==Opening ceremony====
Highlights of the different events=====
Archery===Tomi Poikolainen of Finland, who had not finished
any of the previous three days’ shooting higher than fourth, came from fourth on the last
day to win the men’s archery competition, scoring 2455 points. He won gold just three
points ahead of a Soviet. The women’s archery gold was won by Ketevan
Losaberidze (USSR) who was also the world, European and Soviet champion.
The women’s archery silver was won by Natalia Butuzova (USSR). In 1979, she had set nine
national records and three world records. The U.S. archery team was one of the strongest
ever fielded but due to the boycott the team never had a chance to prove itself. This team
held every record and featured 1976 Olympic Champion Darrell O. Pace, who was averaging
100 points more than the winning score in Moscow at the time.===Athletics===Ethiopian Miruts Yifter won the 5,000 metres
and 10,000 metres athletics double, emulating Lasse Virén’s 1972 and 1976 performances.
“I have a 90% chance of winning the 1,500 metres” wrote Steve Ovett in an article he
did for one of Britain’s Sunday papers just before the start of the Olympics. After he
won the 800 metres Olympic gold, beating world-record holder Sebastian Coe, Ovett stated that he
would not only win the 1,500 metres race, but would beat the world record by as much
as four seconds. Ovett had won 45 straight 1,500 metres races since May 1977. In contrast
Coe had competed in only eight 1,500 metres races between 1976 and 1980. Coe won the race,
holding off Ovett in the final lap. Ovett finished third.
Aided by the absence of American opposition, Allan Wells beat Cuban Silvio Leonard to become
the first Briton since 1924 to win the Olympic 100 metres race.
Gerd Wessig – who had made the East German team only 2 weeks before the Games – easily
won the gold medal with a 2.36 metres (7 ft 9 in) high jump. This was 9 cm higher than
he had ever jumped before. In the 1980 Olympic women’s long jump competition
Soviet jumper, Tatiana Kolpakova, bested her compatriots and other competitors by setting
a new Olympic record of 7.06 metres (23 ft 2 in).
Poland’s Władysław Kozakiewicz won the pole vault with a jump of 5.78 metres (19 ft 0
in) – only the second pole vaulting world record to be established during an Olympics.
The previous time had been at the Antwerp Olympics 1920.
In the long jump competition, three women beat 23 feet (7.0 m) for the first time ever
in one competition. Waldemar Cierpinski of the German Democratic
Republic (East Germany) won his second consecutive marathon gold.
Bärbel Wöckel, also of the GDR, winner of the 200 metres in Montreal, became the first
woman to retain the title. Tatiana Kazankina (USSR) retained the 1,500m
title that she had won in Montreal. In the women’s pentathlon the Soviet Nadezhda
Tkachenko (present day-Ukraine) scored 5,083 points to become the first athlete to exceed
5,000 points in the event during Olympic competition, she won gold.
For the first time in the history of the Olympics all eight male participants in the long jump
final beat the mark of 8 metres (26 ft 3 in). Lutz Dombrowski (GDR) won the long jump gold.
His was the longest jump recorded at sea level and he became only the second ever to jump
further than 28 feet (8.5 m). In the triple jump final Viktor Saneyev (USSR;
present day-Georgia ), who won gold at Mexico, Munich and Montreal won silver behind Jaak
Uudmäe (USSR; present day-Estonia) and ahead of Brazil’s world record holder João Carlos
de Oliveira. Both de Oliveira and Australia’s Ian Campbell produced long jumps, but they
were declared fouls by the officials and not measured; in Campbell’s case, his longest
jump was ruled a “scrape foul”, with his trailing leg touching the track during the jump. Campbell
insisted he hadn’t scraped, and it was alleged the officials intentionally threw out his
and de Oliveira’s best jumps to favor the Soviets, similarly to a number of other events.
Yuriy Sedykh (USSR) won gold in the hammer throw event. 4 of his 6 throws broke the world
record of 80m. No hammer thrower in the world had ever achieved this before. As in Montreal
the USSR won gold, silver and bronze in this event.
Evelin Jahl (GDR) the 1976 Olympic champion won discus gold again. She won with a new
Olympic record – 69.96 metres (229 ft 6 in). She had been undefeated since Montreal.
Cuba’s María Caridad Colón won the women’s javelin setting a new Olympic record.
Sara Simeoni of Italy won the women’s high jump, setting a new Olympic record. She had
won a silver in the 1976 Games and would go on to win a silver in the 1984 Games.
In track-and-field six world records, eighteen Olympic records and nine best results of the
year were registered. In women’s track and field events alone either
a world or Olympic record was broken in almost every event.
Daley Thompson of Great Britain won the gold in the Decathlon. He won gold again at the
Los Angeles Olympics. Soviet Dainis Kula won gold in the men’s javelin.
He also had the best sum total of throws, showing his consistency. He finished ahead
of his teammate Alexander Makarov. Polish gold medallist pole vaulter Władysław
Kozakiewicz showed an obscene bras d’honneur gesture in all four directions to the jeering
Soviet public, causing an international scandal and almost losing his medal as a result. There
were numerous incidents and accusations of Soviet officials using their authority to
negate marks by opponents to the point that IAAF officials found the need to look over
the officials’ shoulders to try to keep the events fair. There were also accusations of
opening stadium gates to advantage Soviet athletes, and causing other disturbances to
opposing athletes.===Basketball===Basketball was one of the hardest hit sports
due to the boycott. Though replacements were found, five men’s teams including the defending
Olympic Champion United States withdrew from the competition in addition to the US Women’s
team. In the Women’s competition, the host Soviet
Union won the competition beating Bulgaria for gold, Yugoslavia won bronze.
The Men’s competition featured only the second instance of the US Men’s Basketball team not
winning gold with the first one being in Munich. Yugoslavia took home the gold beating Italy
in the final. The hosts, Soviet Union, winners in 1972, won the bronze.===Boxing===Teófilo Stevenson of Cuba became the first
boxer to win three consecutive Olympic titles in heavyweight, and indeed the only boxer
to win the same event in three Games. (László Papp from Hungary was the first boxer to win
three titles). In boxing Cuba won six gold, two silvers and two bronzes.
The Val Barker Trophy is presented by the AIBA to the competitor adjudged to be the
best stylist at the Games. The winner was Patrizio Oliva of Italy who won gold at light-welterweight.===
Canoeing===Uladzimir Parfianovich of the USSR won three
gold medals in canoeing. Apart from the boycotted Los Angeles Olympics
Birgit Fischer of East Germany won medals in each Olympics from 1980 to 2004. In the
500 metres kayak singles she won gold in Moscow, silver in Seoul, gold in Barcelona.===Cycling===Lothar Thoms of East Germany won the 1,000-metre
individual pursuit cycling gold, breaking the world record by nearly four seconds.
The winner of the bronze in that race was Jamaica’s David Weller who also broke the
sixteen-year-old world record. In the 4,000-metre team pursuit qualifying
heats new world indoor records were set eight times.
The 189-kilometer individual road race gold was won by Sergei Sukhoruchenkov (USSR).
The cycling team road race was won by the Soviet team as they had done in Munich and
Montreal. In cycling world records were toppled 21 times.===Diving===As Aleksandr Portnov waited to do a 2 and
1/2 reverse somersault in the springboard final, cheers broke out in three adjoining
swimming pool during the closing stages of Salnikov’s world record breaking 1,500m swim.
The diver delayed his start until the noise had subsided but, as he took his first steps
along the board, even greater cheers broke out as Salnikov touched in under 15 minutes.
Under the rules Portnov, having started, could not stop before take-off. On protest to the
Swedish referee G.Olander he was allowed to repeat the dive and went ahead again of Mexico’s
Carlos Girón. Later protests by Mexico against the re-dive and by East Germany that their
Falk Hoffmann wanted to re-dive after allegedly being disturbed by photographic flashlights
were both turned down by FINA. FINA President Javier Ostas stated that the decision taken
by the Swedish referee was the “correct one”. FINA assessed all the Olympic diving events
and considers the judging to have been objective”. Portnov remained the winner with Giron taking
silver and Cagnatto of Italy bronze. Martina Jaschke (East Germany) was fourth
after the preliminary high dives, but came back to win gold on the second day of competition.
Irina Kalinina (USSR) won gold in the springboard final. As a result of her ten dives in the
preliminaries she amassed a unique number of points: 478.86. In the previous four years
no diver had scored so many. In this final the Mexican judge A. Marsikal
allowed Karin Guthke (East Germany) to re-take a dive.===Equestrian===In the individual show jumping event Poland’s
Jan Kowalczyk and the USSR’s Nikolai Korolkov each had 8 faults, but Kowalczyk won gold
as his horse completed the course the quicker. So Poland won the last of the 203 gold medals
contested. The oldest medalist at the Moscow Olympics
was Petre Rosca (Romania) in the dressage at 57 years 283 days.===Fencing===France took four gold medals in fencing.
In the team sabre fencing final, for the fifth Olympics in a row, Italy and the USSR met.
The USSR won as they did in Tokyo, Mexico and Montreal.===Football===The USSR won bronze. Czechoslovakia won the
gold medal beating German Democratic Republic (East Germany) 1:0 in the final.
The matches were played in Moscow and Leningrad, and in Kiev and Minsk, in the Ukrainian SSR
and Byelorussian SSR respectively.===Gymnastics===Soviet gymnast Alexander Dityatin won a medal
in each of the eight gymnastics events, including three titles. He was the first athlete to
win eight medals at an Olympics. He scored several 10s, the first perfect scores in men’s
gymnastics since the 1924 Paris Olympics. Nikolai Andrianov who had won gold on floor
at both Munich and Montreal was pipped this time by Roland Bruckner of East Germany. Andrianov
retained the vault title he had won in Montreal. Zoltán Magyar (Hungary) retained the Olympic
title on pommel horse that he had won in Montreal. He was also 3 times World champion and 3 times
European champion on this piece of apparatus. In the Team Competition the USSR won the gold
medal for the eighth consecutive time, continuing the “gold” series that started in 1952.
In the women’s gymnastics event finals, a Romanian gymnast medals on each piece of apparatus
for the first time: Balance Beam – Nadia Comăneci (gold)
Floor – Nadia Comăneci (gold) Uneven Bar – Emilia Eberle (silver) & Melita
Ruhn (bronze) Vault – Melita Ruhn (bronze)
Before the Los Angeles Olympics, the United States gymnastics federation proposed a change
in the rules so that a head judge cannot interfere and meddle in the scoring of competitors.===Handball===In the men’s event East Germany beat the USSR
23–22 in the handball final. In the women’s tournament USSR won all its
matches and retain the Olympic handball title. Yugoslavia and East Germany gain silver and
bronze medal respectively.===Field hockey===Six countries competed in the women’s field
hockey: Austria, India, Poland, Czechoslovakia, USSR, and Zimbabwe. The gold medal was won
by the team of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe did not learn it would get a place in the tournament
until 35 days before the Games began and chose its team only the weekend before the opening
ceremony. None of their players had prior playing experience on an artificial surface.
Soviet Union won bronze. India won a record eighth title in men’s field
hockey. The Soviet Union won bronze.===Judo===In Japan’s absence, the USSR won five medals.===Modern Pentathlon===In the modern pentathlon George Horvath (Sweden)
recorded a perfect score in the pistol shoot. It had been achieved only once before, at
the 1936 Olympics.===Rowing===East Germany dominated rowing, winning eleven
of the fourteen titles. The East German men won seven out of eight events, foiled from
achieving a clean sweep by Pertti Karppinen of Finland (who defended his Olympic title
from Montreal). East German women won four of their six events.
In the rowing eights with coxswain the British team win silver just 0.74 seconds behind East
Germany.===Sailing===Sailing event was held in Tallinn, Soviet-occupied
Estonia Soviet sailor Valentyn Mankin won a gold medal
in “Star” class. He won Olympic champion titles in “Finn” and “Tempest” classes before, and
as of 2007 remains the only sailor in Olympic history to win gold medals in three different
classes.===Shooting===The three-day skeet shooting marathon was
won by Hans Kjeld Rasmussen of Denmark. In the smallbore rifle, prone event, Hungarian
Károly Varga captured the gold and equalled the world record.===Swimming===Vladimir Salnikov (USSR) won three gold medals
in swimming. He became the first man in history to break the 15-minute barrier in the 1500
metre freestyle, swimming’s equivalent of breaking the four-minute mile. He missed the
1984 Games because of the boycott but won gold again in this event at Seoul 1988.
Salnikov also won gold in the 4 × 200 m relay and the 400m freestyle. In the 400m freestyle
he set a new Olympic record which was just eleven-hundredths of a second outside his
own world record. In the Montreal final of the 400m freestyle
the seventh and eighth place finalists finished in over four minutes. In Moscow sixteen swimmers
finished in under four minutes and eight of them did not make the final.
Duncan Goodhew of Great Britain won the 100 metres breaststroke.
Sweden’s Bengt Baron won gold in the 100 meter backstroke.
In the men’s 4 × 100 metres medley relay each of the eight teams taking part in the
final broke its country’s national record. The first Australian gold since 1972 came
in the 4 × 100 men’s medley relay, with Neil Brooks swimming the final leg, the Australians
swam the second-fastest time in history. East German women dominated the swimming events,
winning nine of eleven individual titles, both the relays and setting 6 world records.
They also won all three medals in six different races. In total they won 26 of the available
35 medals. As it was revealed later, their results were aided by the state-sponsored
doping system. Barbara Krause (East Germany) became the first
woman to go under 55 seconds for the 100 m freestyle.
Backstroker Rica Reinisch (East Germany) was 20th in the world rankings for 100m in 1979
and not in the top 100 for the 200 m. At the Olympics she broke the world records in both
distances winning golds. In the 100m butterfly Caren Metschuk (East
Germany) beats her more experienced teammate Andrea Pollack to win gold.
Petra Schneider (East Germany) shaved three seconds off the world record in the 400m medley.
As in Montreal the Soviet women made a clean sweep of the medals in the 200m breaststroke.
The title in this event was won by Lina Kačiušytė. Michelle Ford (Australia) won the 800m freestyle
more than four seconds ahead of her East German rivals.
In swimming 230 national, 22 Olympic and ten World records were set.
The youngest male gold medallist of these Olympics was Hungarian backstroke swimmer
Sándor Wladár, 17 years and 1 week old.===Volleyball===The prominent nation in both volleyball competitions
was the USSR; its teams won both golds.===Water polo===Hungary won a bronze medal in water polo.
This continued their run of always winning a medal in this event since 1928.===Weightlifting===The
standard of weightlifting was the highest in the history of the Olympics. There were
eighteen senior world records, two junior world records, more than 100 Olympic records
and 108 national records set. The oldest of weightlifting’s Olympic records
– the snatch in the lightweight class set in 1964 – was bettered thirteen times.
Yurik Vardanyan (USSR) became the first middleweight to total more than 400 kg, he won gold.
In the super heavyweight class Vasily Alexeyev (USSR) Olympic champion at Munich and Montreal,
eight-time world champion, who in his career set 80 world records, failed to medal.
Soviet weightlifters won 5 golds. The new category in weightlifting – up to
100 kg – was won by Ota Zaremba of Czechoslovakia.===Wrestling===In Greco-Roman wrestling Ferenc Kocsis of
Hungary was declared the winner of the 163 pound class when the defending champion Anatoly
Bykov was disqualified for passivity. Soviet wrestlers won 12 golds.==Closing ceremony==Because of the U.S. boycott, changes were
made to the traditional elements of the closing ceremony that represent the handover to the
host city of the next Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. Among them, the flag of the city
of Los Angeles instead of the United States flag was raised, and the Olympic Anthem instead
of the national anthem of the United States was played. There was also no “Antwerp Ceremony”,
where the ceremonial Olympic flag was transferred from the Mayor of Moscow to the Mayor of Los
Angeles; instead the flag was kept by the Moscow city authorities until 1984. Furthermore,
there was no next host city presentation. Both the opening and closing ceremonies were
shown in Yuri Ozerov’s 1981 film Oh, Sport – You Are the World! (Russian: О спорт,
ты – мир!).==Venues==Central Lenin Stadium area
Grand Arena² – opening/closing ceremonies, athletics, football (final), equestrian (jumping
individual) Minor Arena² – volleyball
Swimming Pool² – water polo Sports Palace² – gymnastics, judo
Druzhba Multipurpose Arena¹ – volleyball Streets of Moscow – Athletics (20 & 50 km
walk, marathon) Olympiysky Sports Complex
Indoor Stadium¹ – basketball (final), boxing Swimming Pool¹ – swimming, diving, modern
pentathlon (swimming), water polo (final) CSKA (Central Sports Club of the Army) Sports
Complex CSKA Athletics Fieldhouse, Central Sports
Club of the Army¹ – wrestling CSKA Football Fieldhouse, Central Sports Club
of the Army¹ – fencing, modern pentathlon (fencing)
CSKA Palace of Sports¹ – basketball Venues in metropolitan Moscow
Dynamo Central Stadium, Grand Arena² – football preliminaries
Dynamo Central Stadium, Minor Arena² – field hockey
Young Pioneers Stadium² – field hockey (final)
Dynamo Palace of Sports¹, Khimki-Khovrino – handball
Trade Unions’ Equestrian Complex¹ – equestrian, modern pentathlon (riding, running)
Izmailovo Sports Palace¹ – weightlifting Sokolniki Sports Palace² – handball (final)
Dynamo Shooting Range², Mytishchi – shooting, modern pentathlon (shooting)
Krylatskoye Sports Complex Krylatskoye Sports Complex Canoeing and Rowing
Basin², Krylatskoye – canoeing, rowing Krylatskoye Sports Complex Velodrome¹, Krylatskoye
– cycling (track) Krylatskoye Sports Complex Cycling Circuit
– cycling (individual road race) Krylatskoye Sports Complex Archery Field¹,
Krylatskoye – archery Venues outside Moscow
Moscow-Minsk Highway – cycling (road team time trial)
Kirov Stadium², Leningrad, Russian SFSR – football preliminaries
Dinamo Stadium², Minsk, Byelorussian SSR – football preliminaries
Republican Stadium², Kiev, Ukrainian SSR – football preliminaries
Olympic Regatta in Tallinn¹, Tallinn, Soviet-occupied Estonia – sailing¹ New facilities constructed
in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished
in preparation for the Olympic Games.==Medals awarded==
The 1980 Summer Olympic programme featured 203 events in the following 21 sports:==Calendar==
All times are in Moscow Time (UTC+3)==Medal count==This is a list of all nations that won medals
at the 1980 Games. * Host nation (Soviet Union)==List of participating countries and regions
==In the following list, the number in parentheses
indicates the number of athletes from each nation that competed in Moscow. Nations in
italics competed under the Olympic flag (or, in the cases of New Zealand, Portugal and
Spain, under the flags of their respective National Olympic Committees):==See also==1980 Summer Paralympics
1980 Winter Paralympics 1980 Winter Olympics
Olympic Games celebrated in Russia 1980 Summer Olympics – Moscow
2014 Winter Olympics – Sochi Olympic Games with significant boycotts
1976 Summer Olympics – Montreal – African boycott
1980 Summer Olympics – Moscow – United States-led boycott
1984 Summer Olympics – Los Angeles – Soviet-led boycott
Summer Olympic Games Olympic Games
International Olympic Committee List of IOC country codes
Use of performance-enhancing drugs in the Olympic Games – 1980 Moscow
- 1980 in soviet sport
- 1980 summer olympics
- 1980s in moscow
- august 1980 sports events
- improves your listening skills
- july 1980 sports events
- learn while on the move
- learning by listening
- olympic games in russia
- reduce eye strain
- sports competitions in moscow
- summer olympics by year
- text to speech
- wikipedia audio article